The celebration of nations and nationalities in Ethiopia is marked on Dec.8. This day is commemorated based on the ratification of the constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia on the day of Dec.8.1995 as it gives equal rights for every nations and nationalities in the country.
The country consists of more than 80 nations and nationalities who have rich cultural resources to be displayed and exhibited. The nationality day is celebrated colorfully by the participation of all nations and nationalities of the country. The centre for the celebration is rotated in a year base and it draws many tourists to the country.
The sensational and attention grabbers of this celebration are the various nations and nationalities way of dressing, grooming, musical instruments and their moving way of dance and singing. This cultural resource is high in south nations and nationalities regional state.
People in South Omo zone dancing their traditional dance
World Tourism Day
The day is celebrated every year on September 27th each year aiming to aware the people about the importance of the tourism. A message is sent to the general public every year by the UNWTO Secretary-General to participate in the occasion. It is celebrated with the great interest by the various tourism enterprises, organizations, government agencies and etc. Varieties of competitions are held at this day such as photo competitions promoting the tourism, tourism award presentations including free entries, discounts/special offers to the general public.
Tourism has become the continuously growing and developing economic sectors worldwide because of the occurrence of various attractive and new destinations for the tourists. So it has become the main source of income for the developing countries.
National Culture Week
Ethiopia starts to observe Culture Week since 2011.It is celebrated at different regional states head quarter yearly based. The participants are usually by representatives of nations, nationalities, government officials, peoples of the hosting regional state, organizers, and media partners. It is done to protect and nourish culture as culture is stress releaser .In the country it is celebrated yearly base from Feb.23-March 2.This dignified ceremony now a days draws tourists worthy of appreciation and needs to be sustained in a magnified manner. Usually way of dancing and grooming and other valuable cultural assets are exhibited and displayed and it gives fun and cohesive oriented lesson and authorities and the public to pay respect for culture.
The Mesqel (Finding of the True Cross)
This festival falls on Sep.27 (Meskrem 16 in Ethiopian calendar. It is celebrated on the commemoration of the discovery of the True Cross by Queen Helena, the mother of Constantine the Great. Among the ordeal of the ceremony a large bonfire is fired on the heap of the bundle of woods to imply the smoke drifted towards the direction of the buried cross .This bonfire is called Demera in Ethiopian vernacular. People usually gather in churches and central area on the occasion to remember the True Cross Discovery almost from the north to the south section of the country.
Though seemed similar to Mesquel ceremony, in the south nations and nationalities regional state almost in all zones though varies in their days of celebration they colorfully celebrate New Year celebration in September annually and these ceremonies draw many visitors.
The priest in front of the bonfire
Fiche Chembelala is a New Year festival for the Sidama people as they do have their own day counting system or calendar. Before deciding when the ceremony is going to be held elders of the society what the people of the area call Ayaanto .They observe the movement of the stars and they herald the day of the New Year. It is celebrated for 15 days by great ceremony.This unique ceremony or festival is now inscribed by UNESCO list of intangible heritage. The exact date to observe this colorful ceremony is varied from year to year as the movement of the stars differ observed by Ayaanto .
Sidama elders undertaking their traditional dancing (ketala)at Gudumale site in Fiche Chembelala ceremony
Sidama youth undertaking their traditional dancing ( faro)